The tourist route located in Greater Poland, parts of Kujawy and Pałuki connects the most important places, objects and monuments of the history of the beginnings of the Polish state. The Piast Trail, is an attractive and the oldest cultural tourism route of this kind in Poland. The name of the tourist route first appeared in the "Guide around Greater Poland" written by Jan Kilarski and published in 1938. Originally, the route led from Poznań to Inowrocław via Gniezno, Mogilno and Kruszwica. The foundation of the creation of the Piast Trail was the historical knowledge of the area in which, as we know, the foundations of Polish statehood were formed. Gniezno and its surroundings were the place where the first Piasts started to build their domain, which soon developed into a state.
Older and younger monuments
Following the tourist route, you will have the opportunity to admire not only monuments from the era of the First Piasts, but also older and highly attractive traces of the cultural activity of the people who lived in the area before them. Subsequent historical periods also left their traces, which shows that the land continued to develop, using the legacy of its ancestors. The period of the greatest development of tourism along the route was in the 1960s. There was then a significant increase in the number of visitors to attractions on the trail. This was undeniably related to the preparations for the ceremonial celebrations of the 1000th anniversary of the baptism of Poland, which took place in 1966, for example in Gniezno and Poznań.
Thanks to the conducted archaeological research, the scientific approach of archaeologists to the subject of research has significantly developed, and many archeology students have gained a great opportunity to learn their profession in practice. Many hitherto unknown but spectacular and attractive objects were discovered during them. The conservation and arrangement works carried out in the places of these discoveries gave us direct access to the real and one of the most important remains of the Piast times. The high historical value of the reconstructed objects had a significant impact on the development of tourism in Gniezno and the surrounding area, becoming a real attraction and destination for trips along the Piast Trail. As a result of the conducted archaeological research, we gained access to monuments and documents, which today constitute an important source material for various scientific works and analyzes.
A place of tourism
Since the 19th century, the Piast Trail has been visited by numerous tourists and researchers. They have become a place of scientific research and discovery. Based on them, many scientific studies have been written that have inspired poets, writers and other artists over the years. On the map of the then tourist, important and attractive places worth visiting were: Poznań, Gniezno, Ostrów Lednicki, Strzelno, Inowrocław and Kruszwica. Legendary and mysterious places stimulated the imagination and they still do it today.
Tourist attractions - Gniezno and its surroundings
The Piast Trail covers the area of Gniezno and its vicinity, where traces of human functioning have been discovered, not only from the Piast times, but also from the late Paleolithic times.
In 2011, an important initiative of the Gniezno self-government was created to organize and emphasize the attractiveness of the Piast Trail facilities. The initiators strive to emphasize the high historical value of monuments related to the life of the Piasts or the resulting activities in the territory of the Piast state - Civitas Schinesghe. The aim of the initiative is also to popularize the places of occurrence of tourist attractions and monuments and to emphasize their existence. Therefore, the route covered completely new objects on its route, not yet included in it, changing the shape of the route at the same time. According to the latest concept, there are two routes: north-south (from Łekno to Kalisz) and east-west (from Lubin to Włocławek). The two routes intersect in Gniezno. Running two routes on the trail makes it much more attractive, and the historical relationship of the lands with the Piasts is also much more visible.